transylvania, romania map

7-55. p., Erdlyi Mzeum. British Indian Ocean Territory Crimea Atheists, agnostics and unaffiliated account for 0.27% of Transylvania's population. [3][4][5] After 1711[6] Habsburg control of Transylvania was consolidated, and Transylvanian princes were replaced with Habsburg imperial governors. Cameroon [18][19][20][21] Some historians assert Transylvania was settled by Hungarians in several stages between the 10th and 13th centuries,[22][23] while others claim that it was already settled,[24] since the earliest Hungarian artifacts found in the region are dated to the first half of the 10th century. Kurdistan (Iraqi) dracula transylvania blogged cia factbook romania 2006 Iceland "Siebenbrgen" redirects here. Solomon Islands 1890 I. Antonius Wrancius: Expeditionis Solymani in Moldaviam et Transsylvaniam libri duo. Algeria Nauru Nepal Johnston Atoll Saint-Pierre and Miquelon Gambia English version, Territories inhabited by Romanians in 1908, Territories inhabited by Romanians before the First World War, Linguistic map of Transylvania, Banat, Crisana, Satmar and Maramures in 1910, The Lutheran church in Transylvania (1904), German-inhabited settlements in Southern Transylvania and the Romanian Banat in 1940, Ethnic map of Romania according to the 1930 census, Satellite image of Transylvania in December 2001, The WIKIMEDIA COMMONS Atlas of the World is an organized and commented collection of geographical, political and historical maps available at Wikimedia Commons. Liberia Ingushetia Mari El Trinidad and Tobago North Ossetia Alania Cambodia Vanuatu East-Hungarian kingdom & Principality of Transylvania in the XV - XVII centuries. Andalusia Nigeria Oman In 1940 Northern Transylvania reverted to Hungary as a result of the Second Vienna Award, but it was reclaimed by Romania after the end of World War II. Tonga China When the baggage of a mule slips, the muleteer shouts "Torna, torna, fratre" (Return, return, brother! Jarvis Island Monaco [58], The culture of Transylvania is complex, due to its varied history and multiculturalism. Taiwan East Timor

The Magyars conquered much of Central Europe at the end of the 9th century. Sri Lanka American Samoa Mark Axworthy, London: Arms and Armour, 1995. LIX, 1997. Kenya The regions granted to Romania in 1920 covered 23 counties including nearly 102,200km2 (39,460sqmi) (102,787103,093km2 in Hungarian sources and 102,282km2 in contemporary Romanian documents). Vatican City From 1790 to 1848 and from 1861 to 1867, it was the official capital of the Grand Principality of Transylvania. In 1596 Levinus Hulsius created a coat of arms for the imperial province of Transylvania, consisting of a shield party per fess, with a rising eagle in the upper field and seven hills with towers on top in the lower field. Transylvania has been dominated by several different peoples and countries throughout its history. Senegal

Navarre This core of historical Transylvania roughly corresponds with nine counties of modern Romania. Afghanistan Liechtenstein

Guinea-Bissau Frankish Empire According to the Romanian interpretations, Antun Vrani wrote that Transylvania "is inhabited by three nations Szkelys, Hungarians and Saxons; I should also add the Romanians who even though they easily equal the others in number have no liberties, no nobility and no rights of their own, except for a small number living in the District of Htszeg, where it is believed that the capital of Decebalus lay, and who were made nobles during the time of John Hunyadi, a native of that place, because they always took part tirelessly in the battles against the Ottomans",[33] while according to the Hungarian interpretations the translation of the first part of the sentence would be "I should also add the Romanians who even though they easily equal any of the others in number". Mauritania Inner Mongolia

Svalbard Christmas Island Catalonia Historical maps are included in the continent, country and dependency entries. Bonaire Greenland Malaysia Cluj-Napoca (Hungarian: Kolozsvr, German: Klausenburg), Braov (Hungarian: Brass, German: Kronstadt), Sibiu (German: Hermannstadt, Hungarian: Nagyszeben), Alba Iulia (Hungarian: Gyulafehrvr, German: Karlsburg), defense wall of Alba Carolina Citadel, Trgu Mure (Hungarian: Marosvsrhely, German: Neumarkt am Mieresch), Timioara (Hungarian: Temesvr, German: Temeschburg), Oradea (Hungarian: Nagyvrad, German: Growardein), Sighioara (Hungarian: Segesvr, German: Schburg), Media (Hungarian: Medgyes, German: Mediasch), Bistria (German: Bistritz, Hungarian: Beszterce), Sebe (German: Mlbach, Hungarian: Szszsebes), Baia Mare (Hungarian: Nagybnya, German: Frauenbach), Official censuses with information on Transylvania's population have been conducted since the 18th century.

For sources of the introduction see therefore the Wikipedia entries linked to. [64][65], The first heraldic representations of Transylvania date from the 16th century. Laos North Macedonia 1050-1500)-language text, Articles containing Ukrainian-language text, Articles containing Bulgarian-language text, Articles containing Croatian-language text, Articles containing Russian-language text, Articles containing Serbian-language text, Articles containing Yiddish-language text, Articles containing Ottoman Turkish (1500-1928)-language text, Articles with disputed statements from August 2012, Articles with unsourced statements from August 2013, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica with Wikisource reference, Articles with Hungarian-language sources (hu), Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License 3.0, The first known written occurrence of the, Nowadays, there is a very small number of Muslims (. Saint Lucia Baker Island Israel This section holds a short summary of the history of the area of present-day Transylvania, illustrated with maps, including historical maps of former countries and empires that included present-day Transylvania. Early Asian Societies IT, electronics and automotive industries are important in urban and university centers like Cluj-Napoca (Robert Bosch GmbH, Emerson Electric), Timioara (Alcatel-Lucent, Flextronics and Continental AG), Braov, Sibiu, Oradea and Arad. Buryatia Samoa Between 1541 and 1690 it was the capital of the Eastern Hungarian Kingdom and the latter Principality of Transylvania. Gibraltar Following the Hungarian Army's surrender at Vilgos (now iria, Romania) in 1849, their revolutionary banners were taken to Russia by the Tsarist troops and were kept there both under the Tsarist and Communist systems (in 1940 the Soviet Union offered the banners to the Horthy government). Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Colonialism K. Horedt, Contribuii la istoria Transilvaniei n secolele IV-XIII, Editura Academiei RSR, 1958 p. 113. Transylvanian factories built until 1945 over 1,000 warplanes and over 1,000 artillery pieces of all types, among others. Korea (Republic) Adjara The Hungarians are also numerous in the following counties: Mure (37.8%), Satu Mare (34.5%), Bihor (25.2%), and Slaj (23.2%).

Index of the Atlas Sweden Magyarization policies greatly contributed to this shift. France Marshall Islands Guinea Malta Tuva The seal from 1597 of Sigismund Bthory, prince of Transylvania, reproduced the new coat of arms with some slight changes: in the upper field the eagle was flanked by a sun and a moon and in the lower field the hills were replaced by simple towers. Serbia Kashmir Madeira Guatemala Kabardino-Balkaria Old maps Spain In 106 AD the Roman Empire conquered the territory, systematically exploiting its resources. Asia United Arab Emirates Burzenland Saint Martin (France) Antiquity Tatarstan Geological Togo John F. Cadzow, Andrew Ludanyi, Louis J. Elteto, Gyula it is possible that during the 10th century some of the holders of the title of. East-Hungarian kingdom & Principality of Transylvania in the XII century. [26][27] After the Battle of Kosovo and Ottoman arrival at the Hungarian border, thousands of Vlach and Serbian refugees came to Transylvania. Jersey The holiday was established after the Romanian Revolution, and marks the unification not only of Transylvania but also of the provinces of Banat, Bessarabia and Bukovina with the Romanian Kingdom. [1][2] In 1690, the Habsburg monarchy gained possession of Transylvania through the Hungarian crown. Extremadura Spratly Islands, Subnational autonomous entities Moldova Altai Wallonia The status of various entities is disputed. It depicted a black turul on a blue background, representing the Hungarian nobility,[72] a Sun and the Moon representing the Szkelys, and seven red towers on a yellow background representing the seven fortified cities of the Transylvanian Saxons. Guam Chile Navassa Island Belarus Tanzania Grey historical regions of Wallachia, Moldavia and Dobruja, The area of the historical Voivodeship is 55,146km2 (21,292sqmi).[49][50]. Nakhichevan Svenskfinland Bahrain Saint Helena Philippines Tuvalu Tch Levelek s okiratok Bp. ), Dacian Fortresses of the Ortie Mountains, History of Transylvania Historical population,, "Southeastern Europe Under Ottoman Rule, 13541804", " In 1711, after the Peace Treaty of Szatmar, Austrian control was firmly established over all of Hungary and Erdely, and the princes of Transylvania were replaced by Austrian governors. " Ottoman Empire South Sudan Netherlands Antilles, From Wikimedia Commons, the free media repository,, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Development regions and counties in Romania, The counties of Romania with their capital cities, Kingdom of the Gepids in the 6th century (539-551), Vlachs (Romanians) in the territory of present-day Transylania in the 6th-8th century (according to the historical atlas for schools, published in Belgrade in 1970, representing a view of Yugoslav historians from that time). Saudi Arabia The proportion of Hungarians in Transylvania was in steep decline as more of the region's inhabitants moved into urban areas, where the pressure to assimilate and Romanianize was greater. Mexico In 1920, the Treaty of Trianon established new borders, much of the proclaimed territories became part of Romania. Switzerland Australia Sibiu is one of the most important cultural centres of Romania and was designated the European Capital of Culture for the year 2007, along with the city of Luxembourg,[52] and it was formerly the centre of the Transylvanian Saxon culture and between 1692 and 1791 and 184965 was the capital of the Principality of Transylvania. Northern Ireland The ethnic clashes of Trgu Mure occurred between ethnic Romanians and Hungarians in March 1990 after the fall of the communist regime and became the most notable inter-ethnic incident in the post-communist era. Cluj-Napoca, commonly known as Cluj, is the second most populous city in Romania (as of 2011 census), after the national capital Bucharest, and the seat of Cluj County. Nunatsiavut Gabon Denmark In 586, the first written record of their name and their language appears in a Byzantine chronicle about an incursion against the Avars in the Eastern Balkans. North and Physical and topographical Following the publication of Emily Gerard's The Land Beyond the Forest (1888), Bram Stoker wrote his gothic horror novel Dracula in 1897, using Transylvania as a setting. Stielers Handatlas 1891 Somalia Maldives The national holiday of Romania, the Great Union Day (also called Unification Day[45]) occurring on December 1, celebrates this event. From 1947 to 1989, Transylvania, along with the rest of Romania, was under a communist regime. Artsakh

Finally, the joint army of Russian and Austrian forces defeated the Hungarian forces. British Virgin Islands Languages

For example the Ottoman Empire can be found in the. The Grand Principality of Transylvania was reintroduced 54 years later in 1765. The territory then became part of Transleithania,[19][21] an addition to the newly established Austro-Hungarian Empire. Ningxia Inca Empire Morocco 20th Century Czar Nicholas, I answered, and sent 200,000 men strong army with 80,000 auxiliary forces. Slovenia Light yellow historical region of Transylvania Xinjiang World War II, Entities with undisputed sovereign status Russia Middle Ages The Kingdom of Hungary established partial control over Transylvania in 1003, when king Stephen I, according to legend, defeated the prince named Gyula. Turkmenistan Guadeloupe Bhutan Djibouti [48] The Second Vienna Award was voided on 12 September 1944 by the Allied Commission through the Armistice Agreement with Romania (Article 19); and the 1947 Treaty of Paris reaffirmed the borders between Romania and Hungary, as originally defined in the Treaty of Trianon, 27 years earlier, thus confirming the return of Northern Transylvania to Romania.[19]. South Africa Earl A. Pope, "Protestantism in Romania", in Sabrina Petra Ramet (ed.

Alba Iulia is a city located on the Mure River in Alba County, and since the High Middle Ages, the city has been the seat of Transylvania's Roman Catholic diocese. Uzbekistan Macedonian Empire Qatar Kingdom of Hawaii "Transylvania", Microsoft Encarta Online Encyclopedia 2008. [56] Other factors include the emigration of non-Romanian peoples, assimilation and internal migration within Romania (estimates show that between 1945 and 1977, some 630,000 people moved from the Old Kingdom to Transylvania, and 280,000 from Transylvania to the Old Kingdom, most notably to Bucharest).[47]. Jamaica Islamabad Capital Territory Transylvania has a very rich and unique religious history from the other regions of Europe. Macau Projections of the globe The presented data are from, Table no. At the same time, the percentage of the Romanian population decreased from 59.0% to 53.8% and the percentage of the German population decreased from 11.9% to 10.7%, for a total population of 5,262,495. Soviet Union With regard to architecture, the Transylvanian Gothic style is preserved to this day in monuments such as the Black Church in Braov (14th and 15th centuries) and a number of other cathedrals, as well as the Bran Castle in Braov County (14th century), the Hunyad Castle in Hunedoara (15th century). Howland Island Komi Asturias The first record of Vlach-Romanian settlements of Transylvania in the Byzantine age can be found in the writings of Procopius, in the 5th century: the forts named Skeptekasas (Seven Houses), Burgulatu (Broad City), Lupofantana po (Wolf's Well) and Gemellomountes s (Twin mountains). The earliest known reference to Transylvania appears in a Medieval Latin document of the Kingdom of Hungary in 1075 as ultra silvam, meaning "beyond the forest" (ultra meaning "beyond" or "on the far side of" and the accusative case of sylva (sylvam) "woods, forest"). Prussia Burkina Faso Quebec Europe, (History, Hungarian historians claim that the Medieval Latin form Ultrasylvania, later Transylvania, was a direct translation from the Hungarian form Erd-elve. Bouvet Island Consideraii cu privire la liniile ntarite de tipul prisacilor din transilvania, Acta terrae Septemcastrensis, I, pag. Basque Autonomous Community According to the results of the 2011 Population Census, the total population of Transylvania was 6,789,250 inhabitants and the ethnic groups were: Romanians 70.62%, Hungarians 17.92%, Roma 3.99%, Ukrainians 0.63%, Germans 0.49%, other 0.77%. Data refers to extended Transylvania (with Banat, Criana and Maramure). Curaao Atlas Belgium Portugal Cte dIvoire Central African Republic Azores Aragon Balearic Islands East-Hungarian kingdom & Principality of Transylvania in the XIII century. Trentino-Alto Adige Antigua and Barbuda The maps of former countries that are more or less continued by a present-day country or had a territory included in only one or two countries are included in the atlas of the present-day country. Azerbaijan After the Roman legions withdrew in 271 AD, it was overrun by a succession of various tribes, bringing it under the control of the Carpi, Visigoths, Huns, Gepids, Avars, and Slavs. Germany Isle of Man Puerto Rico The main page is therefore the portal to. Northern Cyprus Friuli-Venezia Giulia Karakalpakstan Transylvania has also been (and still is) a center for Christian denominations other than Eastern Orthodoxy, the form of Christianity that most Romanians currently follow. Akrotiri and Dhekelia Srpska Croatia The Hungarian revolution against the Habsburgs started in 1848. Bahamas According to Gesta Hungarorum, the Vlach voivode Gelou ruled Transylvania before the Hungarians arrived. Other areas to the west and north are widely considered part of Transylvania. Serranilla Bank Six counties (Alba, Braov, Covasna, Harghita, Mure and Sibiu) form the Centru development region, other six counties (Bihor, Bistria-Nsud, Cluj, Maramure, Satu Mare, Slaj) form the Nord-Vest development region, while four (Arad, Cara-Severin, Hunedoara, Timi) form the Vest development region. One of the predominant early symbols of Transylvania was the coat of arms of Sibiu city.