best time machine backup drive

Totally unreliable and I had to send it back. window.ezoSTPixelAdd(slotId, 'adsensetype', 1);

I set the CCC jobs for daily and alternating between the two destinationsand theyve worked perfectly for months. A question people regularly ask me is Whats the best size for the Time Machine backup drive? Its a totally valid question and my answer is that you should bet a drive thats at least twice the size of the primary storage of your Mac. Note: we could debate backups forever. But if it fails, the worst that should happen is that you may have to re-duplicate the volume (which may take several hours for a large drive, of course). window.ezoSTPixelAdd(slotId, 'stat_source_id', 44); Some of the NAS products are a bit better in that regard, particularly if you put an SSD inside them. Once you replace the drive, you need to format it in the Time Capsule. But the Synology RT2600ac DOES support Time Machine under SMB!

He largely rules out NAS devices as being too costly, and then goes on to review a low end Synology unit, makes no mention of QNAP (the NAS maker I use whose operating system provides explicit support for Time Machine backups), or indeed other NAS makers, but does include a Mac Mini as a potential backup device (at a price that is significantly higher than most low end NAS units). ButZFS is the way. At this point, you may safely open the disk image. The result was my CCC roll your own TM over wifi solution. MA can directly copy back your data from a CCC clone. The latter is a totally different product, inside and out. And I wouldnt want you to make the same mistakes I made back then.if(typeof ez_ad_units != 'undefined'){ez_ad_units.push([[728,90],'gigmocha_com-box-3','ezslot_2',103,'0','0'])};if(typeof __ez_fad_position != 'undefined'){__ez_fad_position('div-gpt-ad-gigmocha_com-box-3-0')}; People not familiar with the time machine will also be learning a few things about the program later on in this article. And I can assure you that youll find an external hard drive that meets your needs on this list., The Samsung T5 SSD is a wonderful external hard drive to use with time machine. I also think I should talk about the durability of this external hard drive.

Something like: Connect source and target drives. lo.observe(document.getElementById(slotId + '-asloaded'), { attributes: true }); Time machine makes a full backup of the data on your system the first time you run it. My passport also works with both USB 3.0 and USB-C ports and it comes with two cables of these types. var lo = new MutationObserver(window.ezaslEvent); if(typeof window.adsenseNoUnit == 'undefined'){ var cid = '1146314100'; But, speaking from my experience as a consultant, I find that the vast majority of laptop users, myself included, are unlikely to plug in a drive regularly. In the end, Im unsurprised that there is no single right choice, and, due to currently available products using foreign file systems, there probably never will be, at least from my point of view. = container.attributes.ezah.value + 'px'; You may then mount the backup disk image from the Finder (or command line) prior to running Migration Assistant. I hope this post is appropriate I have only just joined TBT. For non-Pro/Max M1s this also means it runs on E cores at their lowest frequency of 1 GHz, they will not ramp up to their 2 GHz peak clock for this thread (on the Pro/Max M1s if there are multiple threads at QoS level 9 [and ignoring things like i/o throttling in the case of backupd], the E cores will ramp up their clock to match the peak E performance of the regular M1 E cluster despite having only half the E cores in its E cluster). var asau = '7432961795'; Go APFS for TM and follow @aces advice when its time to move to a larger/newer TM drive. Some reputable hard drive brands include Samsung, Western Digital, Seagate, Buffalo, Toshiba, and so on. Hot Tips: Make sure you use HDDs that are designed for RAID and make sure those drives are not SMR drives. Conversely, if you feel HDD performance is unacceptably slow, then anything with USB 2.0 will be even more unacceptable, ruling out the use of an AirPort Extreme router altogether. I set up TM with a direct connected drive on both laptops but only plug it in every couple of weeks. var pid = 'ca-pub-6722346464718871'; var slotId = 'div-gpt-ad-gigmocha_com-medrectangle-4-0'; If you do use a Time Capsule, I would still back up to a USB-attached external SSD. A way to speed up time machine is to get an external hard drive with a high transfer speed. = container.attributes.ezaw.value + 'px'; = 'block'; var cid = '1146314100';

The combination of the modest Raspberry Pi 3 hardware1GB RAM, 1.2 GHz clock speed, USB 2.0and wireless connectivity means that backups and retrievals are noticeably slower than those on my previous TM setup with a Thunderbolt-connected SSD.

I use the OPENOID tool (bunch of fancy Perl scripts) to snapshot the ZFS dataset and rotate the snapshots as well as replicating to a second and third NAS server, one in my home and one in the corner of a data center offsite. TimeMachine is all we get. I used this for years, with an old ethernet attached Mini, in a fireproof safe in the basement. ins.dataset.adClient = pid; Apple wanted some sort of flashy space experience with Time Machine- but I have run into so many problems restoring other peoples computers. When you mount the disk image, you can easily browse the backup snapshots in the Finder, or you can use the Time Machine interface by holding down the Option key and choosing Browse Other Backup Disks from the Time Machine menu.

var cid = '1146314100'; A few years ago, the HDD in my Airport Time Capsule started to fail. Theres no reason for you to put this external hard drive at home when traveling. I have now switched to CCC for backups - they strongly recommend against using a NAS for backups, and specifically recommend against the WD MyCloud device. Is it really advisable to use SSD in this function. Cable Matters Aluminum 10Gbps Gen 2 USB C Hard Drive Enclosure for 2.5" SSD/HDD with USB-C/USB-A Cables and Micro USB Cable - Thunderbolt 4 / USB4 / Thunderbolt 3 Port Compatible with XPS, MacBook : Electronics, UGREEN Hard Drive Enclosure for 3.5 2.5" SATA SSD HDD Aluminum USB C 3.1 Gen 2 High-Speed 6Gbps External Hard Drive Case UASP 12V Power Adapter Compatible with MacBook Pro : Electronics. When Time Capsule was introduced, it was a totally new, easy to implement and an extremely innovative product. ibm metric commit initial copying The 802.11ac model (sixth generation) performs a bit better than older versions, has the newest (and thus most optimized and bug-fixed) internal software, and is still nominally supported by Apple (but I wouldnt count on that for long). In other words, it was a Network Attached Storage (NAS) device, though Apple never described it as such. This is something I highly recommend because it helps avoid the situation where you go to restore only to find your Time Machine disk image became silently corrupt at some point in the past. if(typeof window.adsenseNoUnit == 'undefined'){ ins.dataset.fullWidthResponsive = 'true';

var ins = document.createElement('ins'); No installation software needed., The portable design is another point in favor of this external hard drive making it very travel-friendly. If not, you may also reduce the cost by buying a used Mac.

For example, a Toshiba N300 (3.5" internal) HDD has a maximum data transfer rate of 230-270 MB/s (that is 1.8-2.1 Gbit/s, depending on model). The Samsung T7 is the first drive Ive encountered to feature fingerprint security.. The appearance and even performance of the drive dont matter if it fails you when you need it.. It followed the recent introduction of iPhone, and iMac was still relatively new. I did go to the WD Support Site and they have a support document (Answer ID 977) that shows the differences between My Cloud and My Cloud Home. var ins = document.createElement('ins'); Very simple. But Id really really like to get TM over network. Or two terabytes on an iPad. Out of the box, this external hard drive comes formatted in exFAT, which isnt compatible with macOS. var lo = new MutationObserver(window.ezaslEvent); Running Ubuntu Server 20.04.3 LTS, LXD 4.22 (Linux Containers), and ZFS file system across 8 HDDs with a couple SSDs for read/write caching and booting. } This means you have to take note of the read and write performance of your drive. For over 31 years, weve published professional, member-supported tech journalism that makes you smarter. Is very fast but needs to be initiated manually. This will make all previously-stored data inaccessible, but the specific mechanism is not defined by the standard and different manufacturers may implement it in different ways. = '100%'; Plus, any technology that synchronizes also has the power to delete files from your computer. This device combines two hot-swappable, high-capacity drives and comes with a wide variety of settings for maximum flexibility and data protection.. Im glad to see what I was hoping would emerge in the comments different ideas about the best way to address a common need. } The Time Capsule acted as a destination for automatic, hourly Time Machine backups from Mac computers on the same network. var container = document.getElementById(slotId);

The My Cloud Mirror does work well for file storage (my photos) and is available for all devices connected to my local WiFi network. Not cheap, but man, the storage volumes , I just read on the Asus Mesh/wifi 6 Router RT-AX86U that nothing is mentioned on Time Machine support, and any USB storage drive has a 2TB limit.

Is it possible they (or someone) could re-write time machine so it would work reliably on a commodity network storage devices?

This particular model of Asus router requires the storage drive to be formatted with the older (but still adequate) Linux Ext3 file system, which it can do via its Web-based interface. if(ffid == 2){ If we need to restore the whole system, does Migration Assistant work with CCC clones? I also was underwhelmed by the network performance, even exclusively over Ethernet, with copying at speeds I might expect from a directly attached USB 2.0 drive. Time Machine backups are notably fast. Everybody loves a bargain, right? Marketing material can suggest/imply/hint at all kinds of things but the data sheet will tell you the truth for each specific model sold. Reuse governed by Creative Commons License. Basically applications and settings only. Interesting in that it shows My Cloud Home as using OS 4. I disabled all its Wi-Fi and routing functions, attached an external SSD to its USB port, and sorted through its Web interface to share the drive for network Time Machine. Because its a full-fledged computer, the Raspberry Pi can be customized to do whatever you like, including being a network Time Machine appliance with all the characteristics Im looking for. If you were using a prior model of the Extreme, however, you could still select the drive in Time Machine, and it seemed to work.

It shouldnt, although you may notice some CPU and disk usage as it runs (much like you do for Time Machine). window.ezoSTPixelAdd(slotId, 'stat_source_id', 44); We decided to replace our Final-generation Time Capsule with a mesh Wi-Fi network, so we needed something to replace the Time Machine functionality. I exclude all my user data. If you dont have a monitor, you can access the Raspberry Pi from your Mac either graphically with the macOS Screen Sharing app or via the command line using Terminal. Especially when you can buy/build HDDs with humongous capacities (4, 8, 10 and more TB), where an SSD of similar capacity would be prohibitively expensive. Attaching a network Time Machine drive directly to a Mac does work, but it has always been unsupported, and it has its quirks, as detailed below. So, I think Im in a very good position to give you advice about the type of external hard drives to use with time machine.

There are a variety of issues associated with both hardware and software. While its possible to use an HFS+ formatted volume on these products, I dont recommend it because the lack of journaling capabilities increases the risk of corruption of backup data. Writes are important for fast backup while reads will influence the speed of restoration.if(typeof ez_ad_units != 'undefined'){ez_ad_units.push([[336,280],'gigmocha_com-leader-4','ezslot_15',113,'0','0'])};if(typeof __ez_fad_position != 'undefined'){__ez_fad_position('div-gpt-ad-gigmocha_com-leader-4-0')}; Its important any drive you are buying is compatible with the platform youll be using it on, in this case, macOS. The really strange thing was that since I was using 2 TM drivesone on my Mac mini and one on my iMacfor both of the laptops and the 4 shares were all set up the same which one broke randomly switched between the two destinations and even when TM said the drive was not available I could easily open up the share for that laptopso how can it not be available/. You can connect any external disk to a Mac to use for Time Machine. var slotId = 'div-gpt-ad-gigmocha_com-leader-2-0'; Assuming this works, you will want to make sure you do not try to connect both the source and target drives at the same time, because they will have identical UUIDs and this may cause problems.

Despite Time Machines many quirks, Ive found restoring over the network (preferably wired) to work very well. If you choose to attach your Ext4 formatted backup drive directly to your Mac when restoring, you will need Paragons ExtFS software to read its contents, but please see the warnings below before doing so. = 'block'; Its performed ok for network Time Machine in the various places Ive installed it, except for one where I suspect the unit is defective. Why dont they license TM-compatible products for the same reason? And this means you need to achieve a balance between storage capacity and price. = slotId + '-asloaded'; All external hard drives arent made equal and you cant just use any external hard drive with time machine. Its possible for you to configure this external hard drive in such a way that your system sees it as either two separate 4TB drives, a 4TB drive thats automatically mirrored or backed up to the second, or as a single 8TB drive with faster performance. To the extent that I conclude anything, it is that when it comes to network backup for the Mac, there are many choices, each with tradeoffs, and youll need to decide what makes the most sense for your situation. But, with the Time Capsule no longer sold and barely supported, I was free to think about what might work best for network Time Machine backups. I also used it for Chronosync backups, which worked flawlessly via their Chronosync Agent software. You wont appreciate the compact design of this hard drive until youve had to put your external hard drive at home when going on a trip because it is too bulky. If this is a TM backup and it gets swapped once its filled up, youll be fine. If youre still using TM to HFS+, you could in principle clone your old HFS+ store to a newer drive and then use that (in fact a long time ago I did that myself).

Just make sure the external drive you are getting supports the Mac ports. Strategic planning such as this is why and how Apple became the first, second and third three trillion $ company in the world.

Huh, bandwidth point taken in some cases, but does a CCC backup interrupt work while its running? The Raspberry Pi 400 provides a housing with an integrated keyboard, making it larger but easier to use when directly connecting it to a monitor. This is why, there is no more Time Capsule. If you use SSDs you are going to need Enterprise class SSDs or they are going to wear out rapidly in a RAID configuration. So the backup will contain your drives content at the time the backup started (and wont be affected by files you change while it is running). However, I see cloud backup as a complement to Time Machine, not a replacement for it. Time Machine like Apple Mail and Preview- are limited PIA apps. Why ? If you follow this sequence, you will be able to recover individual files or an entire drive, but the razors edge you are walking on to get there might advocate for a second, third, or fourth backup destination, whether via Time Machine or another backup solution. = '100%';

if(typeof window.adsenseNoUnit == 'undefined'){ The moment your backup disk, in this case, external hard drive, gets full, time machine will start deleting your oldest snapshots. It's no secret that Apple watches are a hot commodity.

It works, but these days you dont really want to be on HFS+ for TM anyway. Long time Time Capsule user. Alarmingly, ExtFS reliably corrupts the sparse bundle disk image if you attempt to open it, making ExtFS a dangerous bit of software to use in a data recovery situation. The program will require you to reformat the drive if it comes in a different format.. window.ezoSTPixelAdd(slotId, 'adsensetype', 1); This means someone with a Mac system of 128GB disk size should get a drive of at least 256GB with 1TB being the ideal choice. I will present various options for various needs.

Thanks, Adam. I have looked at all kinds of configurations and for now have ended up with the following configuration for my M1 MBP 13": Power is provided over an OWC three-way TB4 switch so only one TB cable to attach. Watch out for WD Red Drives smaller than 8TBs as they likely are SMR drives which can fail spectacularly in ZFS. Have 3 TB Time capsule that is unused. When my last time capsule died, I replaced it by external USB3 small size drives (without individual power supply) . = slotId + '-asloaded'; The older 802.11n model (fifth generation or earlier) also works, but I recommend it less, as it is completely unsupported, somewhat slower, and has more out-of-date internal software. However, remember to copy any provided utility software first before formatting so you can place it back on the drive when the process is complete. } Or you can repurpose a power adapter from a Mac or iPad. However one thing that likely has helped is that I dont use the stock ASUS firmware but the Merlin firmware. In general, the answer is dont bother migrating a Time Machine backup from an old drive to a new one. The switch connects my MBP to three WD USB-3 12TB harddisks. How does CCC deal with this? if(ffid == 2){ Of course you should always have more than one kind of backup. Any generation of the even older 802.11n model will also work; these units sell for around $20. Using a Supermicro M11SDV-8CLN4F which includes the AMD EPYC 3251 SoC, 8 Cores 16 Threads @ 55W. Particularly: (1) Is it really advisable to use SSD in this function. LXD containers share the host system kernel so they run at near bare metal speed and can access the disks at full speed. ins.dataset.fullWidthResponsive = 'true'; I suspect that Mac backups just would not be profitable for Apple. (I have reported this bug to Paragon, and the company has added the bug to its database.). My solution is to only back up the system configuration with Time Machine. ins.dataset.adChannel = cid; From CNet, heres an article, written when Apple discontinued the Airport line of replacement routers, with several of them able to use an external disk for the Time Machine. (1) Is it really advisable to use SSD in this function. var ins = document.createElement('ins'); Who knew that this works with SRM.

Now use Disk Utility to enlarge the APFS container to fill the entire drive (assuming the new one is larger than the old one was). But it works sort of. It also yields some of the quickest backups compared to the other choices. = container.attributes.ezaw.value + 'px'; ins.dataset.adChannel = cid; I just have (redundancy) external drives (one NAS) and use CCC. Later on, you can simply change or discard the key, which will make all the data inaccessible, no matter what the underlying hardware does. In fact, if its been too long since it has seen a certain disk (10 days IIRC), it will even warn you and tell you which disk it should back up to again. If youre replacing your old mechanical HDD with a new SSD youll already be saving quite heavily on power.

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If your drive is instead formatted as Btrfs, there is no way to read it on your Mac apart from a Linux virtual machine. Why dont they license TM-compatible products for the same reason? The underlying file system of the network Time Machine volume adds to the complexity. I wont recommend since Im not familiar. The media storage is just there and its cloning is unobtrusive. New Time Machine volumes (created on Big Sur or later) all use APFS, which is designed and optimized for SSD usage, so an HDD will experience a lot of head thrashing, but again, since this is not a high-performance scenario, it shouldnt matter. So I recommend most use a cloud service (Code42, BackBlaze, etc) as secondary, with a USB-C external, as primary TM drive, to attach as needed (if users have portables). Then I mounted a ZFS dataset into the container and the dataset is allocated a 4TB quota. I backup prior to every software update. I would probably look toward another solution if you require higher capacities.

Well, if you are looking for a bargain external hard drive for time machine, here it is.

Its networked over wi-fi. And if they have internet, it should just work. Western Digitals My Cloud Home gives me almost none of what I want, as you can see from the chart above, but its essential to include because there is no easier network Time Machine drive to set up (including the Time Capsule). Ive been using Mac for a while and have tried multiple hard drives with time machine.

I dont do that one hourly, just daily, due to transport time and I o ly backup /Users since the rest of the boot drive gets periodically backed up to a Samsung T7 that gets plugged in weekly. An AirPort Extreme is quick to get up and running, and its price cant be beat if you dont mind used hardware. (I assume NVMe drives have a similar command.) Several disks can be assigned to TM concurrently. The power delivered by a USB bus isnt necessarily consistent or sufficient for a high powered drive. Arq sits in the background, doing its work quietly, efficiently and without fuss, just as all good software of this kind should do. = container.attributes.ezaw.value + 'px'; ins.dataset.fullWidthResponsive = 'true'; Also, time machine takes local and hourly snapshots for the last 24hrs, daily, and even weekly snapshots as storage permits. By the way, I recently obtained a 2TB SSD to back up my 1TB laptop and plan to use the snapshot feature of CCC to replace the Time Machine. It only gets worse as time progresses and use increases. Even if you have a terabyte of data. (Well, at least I do with the iMac. Im interested in the CCC approach. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({});

The drive is also already preformatted for macOS, so you just need to plug and play to start using it. But I hope what Ive learned will help you decide how best to back up your Macs over your network.